The stars are "bound together in indissoluble unity by an unending white band" (officially adopted in 1905). All State Flags. The Tennessee General Assembly has its own flag as well. It was officially adopted by the Tennessee State Legislature on April 17, 1905. Influence of the Battle Flag of the Confederacy can be seen in the flag of Tennessee. ... Archives, and History (now the State Library and Archives), asked the flag's designer to explain the meaning of the stars. Adopted in 1905, the flag features three stars representing the grand divisions of the state: East, Middle and West. Figure 1. The last is the University of Memphis Army Reserve Officer Training Corps unit patch. On the flag these regions are bound together in an unbroken circle. Omissions? On the flag these regions are bound together in an unbroken circle. The central design on the flag is the crest of the National Guard of Tennessee, which is described in a letter from the secretary of war, dated May 28, 1923, as: The first paragraph means that on a wreath of silve… While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. The arrangement of the three (3) stars shall be such that the centers of no two stars shall be in a line parallel to either the side or the end of the flag, but intermediate between the same; and the highest star shall be the one nearest the upper confined corner of the flag. While there were no Constitutional clauses banning such flags, the states seemed to go along without them for the most part, other than for their various militia units. The geometric design sybolizes the geographical and cultural heritage of the state of Tennessee while echoing the … By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The flag for the Governor of Tennessee has been in use since 1939. Since 1818, a star for each new state has been added to the flag on the Fourth of July immediately following each state's admission. The state flag of Tennessee was officially adopted on 17 April 1905. The emblem in the middle consists of three stars on a blue circle also with a white border. Updates? Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. The 50 stars stand for the 50 states of the union, and the 13 stripes stand for the original 13 states. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. The other 'with the state seal instead of the three stars', is a blue flag is a blue militia colour (a reproduction, as is the 1897 flag) from the … 1st Tennessee Battalion (The Tennessee State Museum reports this flag is incorrectly identified. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As part of the 100-year anniversary of becoming a state, Fine said that in 1896, legislators began considering an official state flag. Mountains in the east, highlands in the middle and lowlands in the west. 15 Tennessee is the home of Mountain Dew, which was originally created as a soda to mix with whiskey. The Flag of Tennessee consists of an emblem on a field of red, with a strip of blue bordered by white on the fly. The first confirmed official flag was adopted in 1897. The Tennessee State Flag was designed by Captain LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. Design: The Tennessee state flag is crimson with a blue circle in the middle containing three white stars. 1st Tennessee Regiment (Identified as Turney's 1st Tennessee by the Tennessee State Museum.) Tennessee is a state in South America. Prior to the current flag, the state adopted a red, white, and blue tricolor. The first white man to come to Tennessee was Hernando de Soto, a Spanish explorer in 1540. LeRoy Reeves, a solider in the Third Regiment of the Tennessee Infantry, is credited with its design. In the center of the flag are three five-pointed white feathers. The Tennessee state flag was officially adopted by the Tennessee State … This flag also contained the number 16 as well as the text, “Voluntary Government”. This flag was adopted as the official flag of the state of Tennessee by an act of the General Assembly passed and approved April 17, 1905. The 'two designs that didn't make the cut' are, in fact, two earlier Tennessee flags, the one with the number 16 is the flag adopted in 1897 ("Volunteer State flag"). Official flag of the U.S. state of Tennessee, North American Vexillological Association, Flags of the Governors of the U.S. States, Archive.org copy of now-offline NAVA survey results, "Knoxville Philatelic Society News, February 2008", LeRoy Reeves in the collection of the Archives of Appalachia in Johnson City, Tennessee, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flag_of_Tennessee&oldid=1004235465, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2015, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, A blue circle with three white five-pointed stars on a rectangular field of red, with a strip of white and blue on the, This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 17:43. Tennessee's was illustrated upside down.[5]. In 1905, the State of Tennessee official adopted a state flag that was designed by LeRoy Reeves, a captain in the Third Regiment of the Tennessee Infantry. [2] The Tennessee General Assembly officially adopted the flag on April 17, 1905. The field is crimson with a blue background for the stars. Lee Roy Reeves, the designer of the Tennessee State Flag, was born in Johnson City in June 1876. There were thirteen stripes representing the thirteen original colonies. Historical progression of designs. The next flag was a tricolor in red, white and blue. In October 1917, National Geographic erroneously reported the stars represented the state as the third to enter the Union after the original thirteen.[4]. He was a member of the Third Regiment of the Tennessee Infantry. History: The flag of the state of Tennessee was designed by a member of the Tennessee National Guard, LeRoy Reeves, and was adopted on April 17, 1905 by the Tennessee State Legislature. These flags tended to be either blue or white fields with the st… [4], In 1976, the U.S. The design of the flag was described by that act, Chapter 498 of the Public Acts of 1905, as follows: According to the Nashville Banner of April 16, 1933, the mockingbird, (Mimus polyglottos,) was selected on April 19, 1933, as state bird of Tennessee in an election conducted by the Tennessee Ornithological Society.The choice was … The current flag was designed by Colonel LeRoy Reeves, a Johnson City attorney who was then serving in the Tennessee National Guard. Reeves was captain of the Third Regiment of the Tennessee Infantry of the National Guard and presented the flag to the THS for its preservation into the future. The three stars on the flag represent the three different land forms in Tennessee. The Tennessee State Flag was designed by a fellow named LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. The state flag of Tennessee has three stars representing the "grand divisions" of the state: East, Middle, and West. The 3 main colors in the Tennessee flag are Guardsman Red, Midnight Blue, … (Source of the Tennessee flag … Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Tennessee flag was formally adopted on February 3, 1905. The blue bar at the edge of the flag was just a design consideration. Corrections? When asked about the blue bar, Colonel Reeves stated "The final blue bar relieves the sameness of the crimson field and prevents the flag from showing too much crimson when hanging limp." The flag features three white stars in a white-ringed, blue circle, on a red backdrop. The Tennessee state flag from Five Star Flags is America's choice, and available in different sizes to suit your flag pole length or height. The area now known as Tennessee was first inhabited by Paleo-Indians nearly 12,000 years ago. Also, the flag was based on the first CSA national flag and had a government seal. Unknown Tennessee Regiment (Identified as 44th Tennessee Infantry Regiment's First National flag by State Museum.) 3 ft. by 5 ft. Tennessee Flag (one TN Flag) Retail $35 *Our Price -$29.95; 4 ft. by 6 ft. Tennessee Flag (one TN Flag) Retail $76 *Our Price -$45.95 These stars symbolize large parts of Tennessee, including West Tennessee… Tennessee State Bird Northern Mockingbird (Mimus polyglottos) Adopted on April 19, 1933. That flag has a red field with a strip of blue along the fly end that is … Tennessee Flag History . Official State Flag of Tennessee. 13 Tennessee's state flower is the iris and its state bird is the Mockingbird. No act has been passed by the General Assembly establishing an official flag for the governor, but in 1939, at the request of the adjutant general, one was designed by the US War Department. The Tennessee state flag (field is red, center circle and bar in the fly are blue, and stars and fimbriations are white) and examples of logos incorporating the central emblem of the Tennessee flag. [citation needed] The three bars were deliberately slanted in an effort to represent the geographically distinct regions of Tennessee. The Tennessee State Flag was designed by a fellow named LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. Tennessee and neighbouring Arkansas are the only states to have red backgrounds for their flags. During the Civil War (1861–65) a motion was submitted to the legislature calling for use of the Stars and Bars as the state flag, with the substitution of the Tennessee seal for the circle of stars in the Confederate national flag, but the motion appears not to have been acted upon. Former Director, Flag Research Center, Winchester, Massachusetts. Postal Service issued a sheet of 13 cent stamps illustrating U.S. state flags. Tennessee's flag was designed by LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment… In years in which multiple states have been admitted, the number of stars on the flag has jumped correspondingly. The first confirmed official flag was adopted in 1897. The stars are bound together in indissoluble unity by an unending white band. Alongside the state flag, there are other flags used by the government of Tennessee. The first Tennessee flag was proposed in 1861 before the Civil War. The Tennessee Valley Authority operates a number of dams and reservoirs in the state. The current design, created by Captain LeRoy Reeves of the Tennessee Infantry and approved on April 17, 1905, features three stripes and three stars. The central emblem portion of the flag appears in the logos of some Tennessee-based companies and sports teams. Since, Tennessee has maintained the same flag for the last 116 years. The names of the cultural groups who inhabited the area between first settlement and the time of European contact are unknown, but several distinct cultural phases have been named by archaeologists, including Archaic (8000–1000 BC), Woodland (1000 BC – 1000 AD), and Mississippian(1000–1600 A… The blue circle around the stars represents the unity of those grand divisions. Over time, the trend has been to reduce the flag’s profile on the symbolic landscape, especially on anyplace that could be construed as public property. It was officially adopted by the Tennessee State Legislature on April 17, 1905. A short history of the Tennessee State flag . The first extra session, in … Examples include the First Horizon Bank and the Tennessee Titans. The Tennessee State Flag was designed by a fellow named LeRoy Reeves of the Third Regiment, Tennessee Infantry. These were said by Reeves to refer to “the three grand divisions of the State” (perhaps meaning the lowland regions in the west, the central plateaus, and the Appalachian areas), but they have also been said to represent either the three presidents who lived in Tennessee (Andrew Jackson, James Polk, and Andrew Johnson) or Tennessee’s joining the Union as the third state after the original 13. State law dictates exactly how the central emblem is to be displayed on the flag. Tennessee information links to state homepage, state history, symbols, flags, maps, constitutions, representitives, songs, birds, flowers, trees. East Tennessee, Middle Tennessee, and West Tennessee). Though the concept of each individual American state having its own flag is not foreign to the modern American psyche, in ante-bellum America, it was a foreign concept indeed. Tennessee is divided into three regions by the Tennessee River; West Tennessee, Middle Tennessee and East Tennessee. It was officially adopted on April 17, 1905 and was designed by Captain LeRoy Reeves. Two official salutes to the Tennessee flag have been adopted. It is a scarlet flag, with four stars, one in each corner, and the State Military Crest, a tree with three white stars, in the center. The Tennessee flag was voted 12th best out of 51 Flags ranked by the North American Vexillological Association. [3], The stars represent the three geographically and legally distinct "Grand Divisions" of Tennessee (i.e. Among the major points of interest are the Andrew Johnson National Historic Site at Greeneville, the American Museum of Atomic Energy at Oak Ridge , Great Smoky Mountains National Park , the Hermitage (home of Andrew Jackson near … In 2001, the North American Vexillological Association surveyed its members on the designs of the 72 U.S. state, territorial, and Canadian provincial flags and ranked the Tennessee flag 14th.[1]. The history of the flag over the last half-century has involved a seemingly endless series of controversies at the local, state and national levels. 14 Nashville, TN is known as Music City and is the country music capital of the world. Tennessee State Flag The three stars on the flag represent the three different land forms in Tennessee. A brief history of the Tennessee State Flag, presented by https://starspangledflags.com/. The flag’s…. As the American Civil War was approaching, a flag was initially proposed for the state. The flag included the number "16," Tennessee having been admitted as the 16th state of the Union, and the words "The Volunteer State", the state's official nickname. Author of, national flag consisting of white stars (50 since July 4, 1960) on a blue canton with a field of 13 alternating stripes, 7 red and 6 white. It had diagonal stripes of red-blue-white with the yellow inscription “The Volunteer State” (the state nickname) and the number 16, indicating the order of admission of Tennessee to statehood. The colours correspond to those in the Stars and Stripes and the Stars and Bars. Mountains in the east, highlands in the middle and lowlands in the west. It had diagonal stripes of red-blue-white with the yellow inscription “The Volunteer State” (the state nickname) and the number 16, indicating the order of admission of Tennessee … Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Development and … As the American Civil War was approaching, a flag was initially proposed for the state. Tennessee would go another decade before the state legislature finally adopted an official state flag, but it is not the state flag Tennesseans fly today. Tennessee Proposed Tennessee state flag, April 1861 by Devereaux D. 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